Essay PreviewMore ↓
Voltaire, whose real name was Francois Marie Arouet, was a man whose cynical style of writing brought attention upon himself, both in the positive aspect and in the negative. Francois associated himself with a group of politically power-hungry people who held a frantic hatred against the duke of Orleans. He was wrongly believed to have printed two libelous poems that defaced the duke and due to the false accusation he was imprisoned in the Bastille. This oppression of his right, by imprisoning him wrongly, might have led to Voltaire's less than favorable way of introducing France within his novel Candide. Near when Voltaire was in his 60's a great quake took place in Lisbon killing thousands of people and the tragedy of the quake was written about in the novel, and only a year after, a devastating Seven Year War began which was also referenced within the novel Candide. Because of the overall suffering that man has brought upon each other and was given to them by nature he rejected the concept of a rational and well regulated universe and has often made puns at that philosophical ideal within the Candide.
Voltaire's Candide tells of the struggle of a man who went through much misfortune in life to pursue happiness and love. The protagonist was a man, who went by the name of Candide and the story gives a vivid detail of his adventures as he sought to win the love of Miss Cunegonde.
How to Cite this Page
"Voltaire's Candide." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Jan 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Voltaire's Candide: The Transformation of Candide Candide (1991), which is another version of "Voltaire" by French writer Francois-Marie Arouet, is a short but diverse story that tells of a young man's journey for love and the hardships he faces all the while keeping a very strong, positive and philosophical outlook on life. The book starts in an unknown year, hinted sometime around the Renaissance, with a young man named Candide. Candide loves the princess of a Baron and is banished from the land because of it.... [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays]
1089 words (3.1 pages)
- The Effective Satire of Voltaire's Candide In Candide, Voltaire sought to point out the fallacy of Gottfried Leibniz's theory of optimism and the hardships brought on by the resulting inaction toward the evils of the world. Voltaire's use of satire, and its techniques of exaggeration and contrast highlight the evil and brutality of war and the world in general when men are meekly accepting of their fate. Leibniz, a German philosopher and mathematician of Voltaire's time, developed the idea that the world they were living in at that time was "the best of all possible worlds." This systematic optimism shown by Leibniz is the philosophical system that believed everything already was for... [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays]
1191 words (3.4 pages)
- Voltaire's Candide Character Analysis Voltaire's Candide seems to display a world of horror, one filled with floggings, rapes, robberies, unjust executions, disease, natural disasters, betrayals and cannibalism. Pangloss, the philosopher, has a constant optimistic view throughout the entire novel even despite all of the cruelty in the world. While looking back on the book I couldn't think of many characters that displayed admirable qualities. Even though Pangloss stuck to his views that everything is for the best in this best of all possible worlds, which is admirable, he is stupid and naive to still believe this after everything he and his family goes through.... [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays Papers]
1423 words (4.1 pages)
- Voltaire's Candide Voltaire, whose real name was Francois Marie Arouet, was a man whose cynical style of writing brought attention upon himself, both in the positive aspect and in the negative. Francois associated himself with a group of politically power-hungry people who held a frantic hatred against the duke of Orleans. He was wrongly believed to have printed two libelous poems that defaced the duke and due to the false accusation he was imprisoned in the Bastille.... [tags: Voltaire Candide]
1025 words (2.9 pages)
- Voltaire's Candide Voltaire uses many writing techniques, which are similar to that of the works of Cervantes, Alighieri, Rabelais and Moliere. The use of the various styles shows that, despite the passing of centuries and the language change, certain writing techniques will always be effective. One common literary technique is the author's use of one or more of his characters as his own voice to speak out the authors own views on certain subjects. For instance, in Moliere's Tartuffe, the author uses the character of Cleante to speak out against religious hypocrites: "Nothing that I more cherish and admire than honest zeal and true religious fire.... [tags: Voltaire Candide ]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- Successful Use of Satire in Voltaire's Candide Voltaire's Candide is the story of how one man's adventures affect his philosophy on life. Candide begins his journey full of optimism that he lives in "the best of all possible worlds," but he learns that it is naïve to say that good will eventually come of any evil. Voltaire successfully uses satire as a means of conveying his opinions about many aspects of European society in the eighteenth century. He criticizes religion, the evils found in every level of society, and a philosophy of optimism when faced with an intolerable world. Candide portrays religious persecution as one of the most worst aspects of society. Voltaire rejects... [tags: Candide essays Voltaire ]
1563 words (4.5 pages)
- A Freudian Analysis of Voltaire's Candide In Civilization and its Discontents, Sigmund Freud refers to the important role that love plays in the world of Man. Love certainly plays an important role in Voltaire's Candide; throughout Candide's journeys, a constant factor is his love for Lady Cunegonde and his desire to be with her. Freud writes "the way of life which makes love the centre of everything [...] comes naturally to all of us," (Freud, p. 29). Candide's love for Cunegonde is the driving force of his life from the moment they are parted at the beginning of the novel until they are bonded in marriage at the end.... [tags: Candide Voltaire Freud Essays Papers]
1635 words (4.7 pages)
- Voltaire's Candide Throughout the novel, Candide, Voltaire repeatedly exploits the nature of humans to consider other's situations and lifestyles to be better than that of their own. Voltaire uses Candide's journeys to portray the human assumption that the grass is always greener on the other side. This theme is shown in Candide's strife for companionship, his experience with wealth, and his interaction with other characters. The situations that develop the theme do so in such a way that the reader is able to understand and relate to the aspirations of Candide.... [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays]
826 words (2.4 pages)
- Voltaires's Candide In Voltaires?s Candide, the main character, Candide, fails to live happily because he is looking outside of himself and his circumstances to do it. Voltaire says through Candide's ultimate discovery that happiness in many ways depends on a person's attitude. Voltaire's philosophy expressed through Candide's final realization is that "We must cultivate our garden," which is the key to happiness(p.585). By cultivating our garden, Voltaire means that we must make the best of our situation in the present moment.... [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays]
1143 words (3.3 pages)
- Voltaire's Candide Voltaire’s masterpiece has been read delightfully and with much interest by many people since its scarcely secret publication in Geneva and Paris (1759). When it was first published, there were about twenty copies, most of which were pirated. When Voltaire died (1778) there were already more than fifty, and later on it became the best seller of the eighteenth century. It is true that the local conditions have changed since Candide was written. English admirals are not shot any more as a lesson in military perseverance.... [tags: Voltaire Candide Literature History Essays]
3530 words (10.1 pages)
The novel brings light to how greed for something greater than what is given brings ill fortune upon people. From the beginning of the story, our protagonist and hero Candide had forsaken what could have been happiness within the castle of the baron Thunder-ten-tronckh by trying and pursuing the favor of the baron's daughter, Miss Cunegonde. After Candide's exile from the castle, civil war broke out between the Bulgarians and the Abares for power and land. Due to the war, the citizens and soldiers of both sides suffered greatly for the ambition of the kings on both sides. One of those that suffered was the inhabitants of the castle of the baron, whose door was broken in by the Bulgarians and its inhabitants either were slaughtered or sexually demoralized till their death. However it is brought to light that not all of those within the castle suffered death as it was once believed. One of the few that escaped the clutches of death was the fair Miss Cunegonde, who through many turns of events ended up becoming one of the mistresses of a wealthy and powerful man in Portugal.
During his travel around the globe, Candide encountered the hidden city of El Dorado which like its legend said, the roads were paved with gold and other riches. The people there were friendly and even the poorest of those within its borders found happiness and contentment. That was so because of the lack of greed for any monetary items due to most of the country's wealth lining the grounds upon which they lived. However due to Candide's ever long ambition to court Miss Cunegonde he gave up what could have been the modern day Garden of Eve to keep pursing her. He did leave however with many piles of gold and diamonds which could have brought fortune beyond imagination upon himself in the world outside of El Dorado if he chose to stop his pursuit of Miss Cunegonde at that point, but he still recklessly ventured forth. He eventually found Miss Cunegonde and was able to marry her, but his love by that time had grown incredibly ugly due to long hours of labor in the sun and his wealth that he had gained from El Dorado had depleted. In the end happiness was not found in the arms of Miss Cunegonde but simply by taking enjoyment out of life as it was.
Irony played an ever important role within the novel to portray Voltaire's cynical vision of society. Throughout Candide's adventure amongst the many different cultures, he encountered a wide variety of people whose roles in life did not befit their actions. Often portrayed in an ironic situation were the religious characters that Candide met. It is acknowledged that one of the characters that were introduced within the novel was a daughter of the Pope. It is common knowledge that a Catholic priest should have been celibate for life by an oath of passage and yet here was the daughter of a man who was the highest ranking official within the Catholic Church meaning that he had broken that sacred vow. Another religious hypocrite was a cold-hearted Catholic Inquisitor, who condemned and sentenced to death heretics and non-followers of the Catholic order, yet he himself hypocritically kept a mistress, something that was forbidden within the laws of the Catholic order. In Candide's adventures he had stumbled across both civilized and non-civilized communities, but it was ironic to note that the non-civilized community found greater happiness amongst themselves than the ones who lived a cultured life. It was because of their lack of corruption by monetary goods for something greater that their lives were more content. Candide also came upon a man of great wealth in his journey, however that man was never satisfied with what he had, and in turn he was never happy. His greed for something more always led him to dismiss what he had. The theme itself is an irony because the pursuance of something greater would have been thought to bring rewards of happiness and contentment however it itself only brought misfortune.