Smoking Cannabis Virtually Doubles the Risk of Developing Mental Illness such as Schizophrenia

Smoking Cannabis Virtually Doubles the Risk of Developing Mental Illness such as Schizophrenia

Length: 1074 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The media are often guilty of presenting studies in a way that leads to misinterpretation by the public. A recent BBC news article reads “Cannabis use ‘raises psychosis risk’ – Study” and the Daily Mail warns “Cannabis use ‘doubles risk of psychosis for teenagers”. Such headlines give the impression that there has been a clear causal relationship found between smoking cannabis and the development of mental illnesses (News, 2011; Hope, 2011).
Kuepper et al. (2011), the study referred to above, reported that cannabis use is a risk factor for the development of incident psychotic symptoms (short-lasting individual symptoms). They found that cannabis users were almost twice as likely to report incident psychotic symptoms (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] of 1.9). Kuepper et al. said continued use might increase the risk of developing a psychotic disorder due to increased incidents— Referring to Cougnard et al. (2007) who suggested that increased persistence of environmental triggers might lead to conditions that are more serious: Kuepper et al. suggested that the increased incident psychotic symptoms could lead to greater persistence of symptoms with those predisposed to developing a psychotic disorder, such as schizophrenia.
Other studies over recent years have reported similar associations between cannabis use and incident psychotic symptoms in those with a predisposition for psychosis (Henquet et al., 2005). Lower risk for those without a predisposition for psychosis. Henquet et al. (2005) concluded that cannabis use moderately increases risk of psychotic symptoms, but has a stronger effect in those with a predisposition for psychotic symptoms.
A recent meta-analysis of major studies looking at the relationship between earlier onset o...


... middle of paper ...


...e, predisposition for psychosis, and psychotic symptoms in young people. BMJ, 330(11), doi: 10.1136/bmj.38267.664086.63.
Hope, J. (2011, March 3). Cannabis use 'doubles risk of psychosis for teenagers'. Retrieved March 8, 2011, from MailOnline: www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1361997/Cannabis-use-doubles-risk-psychosis-teenagers.html
Kuepper. (2011). Continued cannabis use and risk of incidence and persistence of psychotic symptoms: 10 year follow-up cohort study. BMJ, Published online March 1, 2011, doi: 10.1136/bmj.d738.
Large, M., Sharma, S., Compton, M., Slade, T., & Nielssen, O. (2011). Cannabis Use and Earlier Onset of Psychosis. Archives of General Psychiatry. Published online February 7, 2011. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.5.
Wade, D. (2005, February). Cannabis Use and Schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry: Letter to the Editor, 162(401).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Mental Effects of Cannabis

- Introduction to md 4002 dissertation: Grant Aitken Is cannabis use an independent risk factor for the development of psychosis. Cannabis or marijuana is an annual flowering herb of the Cannabaceae family, containing 3 major species C.Indica C.Sativa and C.Ruderalis. The two former species are of principal interest to those discussing Cannabis use due, to their widespread illicit usage. Cannabis has been cultivated from at least 6000BCE in what is now China. However the Cannabis plant was most likely as a textile when it became used as an intoxicant is less clear [1]....   [tags: psychosis, moral effects]

Strong Essays
2993 words (8.6 pages)

Essay on Marijuana Is Scientifically Known As Cannabis Sativa

- Marijuana is scientifically known as Cannabis Sativa. The most famous name for the drug was cannabis unit in the 1930s when the use of the word marijuana increased significantly in the United States. The term marijuana was being used as a more toxic word than cannabis during debates against the use of drugs. Marijuana use dates back in 2900 BC where it was used for medical purposes. In 2700BC a Chinese legend Emperor Shen Nung who was considered as the father of Chinese medicine made a discovery that marijuana had some medicinal properties....   [tags: Medical cannabis, Cannabis, Cannabis]

Strong Essays
989 words (2.8 pages)

Rocky Mountain High : Greenlight For Cannabis Essay

- Rocky Mountain High: Greenlight for Cannabis in Colorado With borders encompassing most of the majestic geographic formation of the Rocky Mountains, Colorado has become the first state in the United States to legalize cannabis for medicinal and recreational use since prohibition began around the early 1900’s. While cannabis is still classified as a Schedule I drug, according to the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 (Dolan p. B.1), legalization in Colorado has been a positive force in stimulating tourism, boosting tax revenue, and creating jobs in the rapidly developing industry....   [tags: Cannabis, Hemp, Hashish, Colorado]

Strong Essays
1299 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about The Use Of Cannabis And Related Disorder

- This paper limited systemic review of cannabis and related disorder is an important one, in my opinion any such article will add a lot of value to international litreture. Over all the article is good, Its well carried out research and analysed appropriately It needs to be published after modification My comments are to advise the authors to look at it in more innovative manner. Internationally we are at a cross road of a. Finding out clear association between cannabis and psychiatric disorder b. Debate around legalization of Cannabis in a number of countries In this background Litreture from india gains significant value because it provides pathological effect of cannabis from the...   [tags: Mental disorder, Psychiatry, Abnormal psychology]

Strong Essays
760 words (2.2 pages)

Effects Of Smoking Cannabis On The Body Essay

- ElSohly, Mahmoud A. Marijuana and the Cannabinoids. Pages 237-252. Totowa, NJ: Humana, 2007. Web. 20 May 2016. This source comes from a book on cannabis. In this relevant chapter, it describes the effects of smoking cannabis on the body, such as increased heart rate and blood pressure for a short period of time. With chronic use, adverse effects on the lungs, reproductive organs, adverse effects on offspring (if used during pregnancy), or memory have been documented. Heavy use can also cause dependency, and possibly similar cancers as found in regular smokers (although too few studies have been conducted to draw conclusive results in this regard)....   [tags: Cannabis, Recreational drug use]

Strong Essays
1255 words (3.6 pages)

Developing a Regional Mental Health Hospital Which Offers A Therapeutic Environment

- A. Problem and Its Sittings A.1. Background of the Study Mental health is defined as “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”. Also mental health is an expression of our emotions and signifies a successful adaptation to a range of demands. It describes either a level of cognitive or emotional well-being or an absence of a mental disorder....   [tags: Mental Health]

Strong Essays
1330 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Concerns of Longterm Cannabis Use

- Long-term use of cannabis has deleterious effects on the outcomes of health. THC can cause a wide variety of impacts on the cardiopulmonary and CNS systems. According to the American Lung Association, smoking marijuana can greatly increase the risk of lung cancer due to approximately 33 carcinogenic chemicals contained in marijuana (Roan, 2013). Like tobacco smoke, the smoke generated from smoking marijuana also can cause 4 times as much tar deposition inside the lungs when compared to tobacco smoke....   [tags: health, marijuana, abuse]

Strong Essays
636 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on Cannabis Legalization

- Cannabis Legalization Discuss: “Cannabis is no more harmful than tobacco or alcohol and should, therefore, be legalised.” There has recently been much debate in the media about the decriminalisation of cannabis, both for recreational and medicinal use. This topic has proved controversial especially in political circles. Drawing on evidence from recent press reports, research on the web and recent publications, this essay will assess the evidence of how harmful cannabis really is. In 1971 Cannabis was reclassified by parliament and became a schedule 1 drug....   [tags: social issues]

Strong Essays
1225 words (3.5 pages)

Legalize Cannabis Essay

- Cannabis is a very controversial plant, and through history, the way that people see this plant has changed depending on the different cultures. Sometimes, it has been used as a medicine, and other times condemned as a slow suicide. In the modern era, the controversy attained its highest level; a lot of developed countries are thinking about the rehabilitation of cannabis. This rehabilitation process is based on scientific research that showed that cannabis is harmless and can be used as a medicine for a lot of diseases....   [tags: Sociology]

Free Essays
870 words (2.5 pages)

Cannabis Essay

- Cannabis Why to decriminalize cannabis. more and more people are using it, so there is no point to control something that is uncontrollable it is as dangerous and sometimes with even with less consequences then alcohol and tobacco it is better to give a person a ticket for possession rather then destroying their life by sending them to jail pure cannabis is not proven to be addictive or harmful to a person, they just have more tar then cigarettes Why to have cannabis illegal. in 1999 29% of students form grades 7 to 13 in Ontario admitted smoking cannabis at some time in their lives, compared with 13% in 1993....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
493 words (1.4 pages)