Violent vs Nonviolent Protest in the Civil Rights Movement Essay

Violent vs Nonviolent Protest in the Civil Rights Movement Essay

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The Southern and Northern Blacks had very different views, aims and
backgrounds. They had different views and aims because of their
different experiences of segregation and their different perceptions
of White Americans themselves.

The Southern Blacks were mainly from small towns and rural areas. They
were part of the small and almost non-existent middle class of Black
Americans. Most of them came from professional or largely business
backgrounds, the younger members were also lucky in the fact that most
of them got the chance to go to college and gain good educations and
therefore have the chance to progress on to the small percentage of
good jobs that would accept Black employees. The leaders themselves
tended to be Protestant clergymen. The Southern Blacks had a different
experience of segregation to those in the North. They had the formal
segregation as a result of the ‘Jim Crow’ Laws. These laws kept Blacks
and whites apart in all aspects of their lives, unless they were
working for them; this was why they were classed as working-class
citizens. They were well aware of all forms of White pressure and
violence before they got involved in the campaigning for civil rights.

Northern campaigners originated mainly from the big developed cities
of the North such as New York and Chicago. They were often of working
class origin, and mainly young, there were also quite a few
ex-convicts who were successfully recruited. The main religion of the
Northern campaigners was either Muslim or none at all. No form of
legal segregation existed in the North this made it more difficult for
the Northern Blacks to fight against. There was however...

... middle of paper ...

...the other differences. They had these
different views and aims because of their different experiences of
segregation and their different perceptions of White Americans
themselves. Due to their different backgrounds, experiences and views
their tactics were also different, Northern Blacks were more prepared
to use violence, Southern Blacks tried not to use violence no matter
what was done to them. Since the Blacks from the North and South had
different supporters to please their achievements, aims and tactics. I
think that neither the Northern nor Southern Blacks were better than
each other in any way. They did things in different ways and I think
if they had compromised with a small amount of violence to protect
themselves and a mix of their aims they would have got things done
quicker and at less of a human cost.

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