Essay PreviewMore ↓
In the youth of Texas, the Democratic Party enjoyed electoral dominance on all levels of state government and in the representation in the national government. Democratic rule was dominated by a conservative white political elite that strongly promoted economic development, but that resisted change either in race relations or social programs for the poor ("Texas Politics," 2009). Republicans were not completely absent during this period, but their electoral victories were few and limited in scope ("Texas Politics," 2009). In every election after 1980, however, the Republican strength grew into the now dominant rule that currently reigns in Texas. Since the 1990’s, the Republican Party, despite the attempts of others, has had a stronghold on the state government. With that being said, the Republican Party has dominated the overall elections.
Every citizen, as incumbent citizens within the State of Texas, has certain responsibilities and undertakings to consider. Included in such considerations are the roles we are slated with when selecting an elected official for our Congressional District. This Congressional District representative is a person elected by “the people”, such as those in a city or county, in hopes that they will have a voice to represent the decisions designed to impact their areas, respectfully. One such Congressional District representative is Lamar Seeligson Smith.
Lamar S. Smith, a Republican, represents the 21st Congressional District in the state of Texas. In summary, the 21st Congressional District includes portions of Bexar and Travis Counties and all of Comal, Real, Kerr, Bandera, Kendall and Blanco Counties. Over 650,000 people live in the 21st Congressional District and Smith has been serving as a state representative here since November, 1986.
Smith was born and raised in San Antonio, Texas and has spent a large part of his life living, and now representing, the city and surrounding areas. He graduated from T.M.I.: The Episcopal School of Texas, Yale University, a private research university in New Haven, Connecticut, and Southern Methodist University Law School, located in Dallas, Texas ("Representative Lamar S.,"). He briefly practiced law as an attorney before entering politics ("Representative Lamar S.
How to Cite this Page
"Change in the Political Climate of Texas." 123HelpMe.com. 17 Jan 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... Jade spoke to us as though we were citizens or members of the community she was asking support from, not employees that worked for her. It was because she did not fully believe in herself; her campaign staff did not consider her a leader, which Weber indicates as an integral characteristic to politics as a vocation. Next, Weber indicates that a passionate and likable politician is integral to using politics as a vocation and it still can be traced to modern day politics. Rico Reyes, another Democrat in the race ended up placing last in voter percentage and a lot it had to do with him being an unlikable candidate.... [tags: politics, campaign, leadership, power]
1258 words (3.6 pages)
- Most scientists and environmentalists would say that humans are the main cause of global warming. In my opinion their theory of humans being the cause of climate change would be correct. Through out the history of the Earth the average global climate has risen and fallen, but because of humans the average global surface temperature has shot up by about 1.1 to 1.6 degrees Fahrenheit from the years 1906 to 2005. There indeed are many things that effect global warming such as; the sun and greenhouse gases, but the biggest thing that affects the Earth’s global climate change is humanity.... [tags: Global warming, Carbon dioxide, Climate change]
1529 words (4.4 pages)
- Climate refers to the weather conditions that occur and prevail in particular regions over an extended period of time. Climate change is the change in the properties of the climate system, referring to significant changes in its mean state, and in its variability and extremes (VijayaVenkataRaman S, Iniyan S, Goic R, 2012). Changes in climate can occur naturally due to internal and external processes, or can occur due to anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere and anthropogenic changes associated with land-use (VijayaVenkataRaman S, Iniyan S, Goic R, 2012).... [tags: Global warming, Climate change, Weather, Climate]
1457 words (4.2 pages)
- Assignment 2 Introduction: Climate change was a topic developed by a Swedish scientist as far back as 1896 due to the combustion of fossil fuel. The first predicted global warming was in 1976. In 1988, the theory was finally acknowledged when the climate became the hottest within the century (Maslin, 2008). The greenhouse effect became a concern and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was founded. Damages from greenhouse gases could include severe climate changes, altered ecosystem, extinction and loss of biodiversity (Shogren, 2004).... [tags: Greenhouse gas, Climate change, Kyoto Protocol]
1188 words (3.4 pages)
- A Climate Change Analyst, also known as C.C.A., is a person that use existing climate data to create mathematical models of what will happen to ocean and land temperatures in the next 50 years. They identify the environmental impacts of existing policies. They propose policies related to alternative fuels & other factors related to climate change. They also research and evaluate climate data so they can determine how shifts in the climate affect natural resources, animals, & civilizations. They use the information to make helpful suggestions about what individuals & governments can do to ensure a higher-quality life for everyone in the face of a changing environment.... [tags: climate change, climate data, climate analyst]
718 words (2.1 pages)
- “It’s a well-kept secret, but 95 percent of the climate models we are told prove the link between human CO2 emissions and catastrophic global warming have been found, after nearly two decades of temperature stasis, to be in error,” writes Maurice Newman, chief business advisor to Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott (Dunn). With this bold and senseless declaration, Australia joined the community of global warming denial and thrust itself onto the international stage to become yet another participant in the dramatic environmental debate about climate change.... [tags: Carbon dioxide, Climate change, Greenhouse gas]
1787 words (5.1 pages)
- Climate change is a worldwide issue that has been raised for decades but which is yet often relegated to a position of secondary importance. However, the attention given to the politics of climate change has been increasing over time, as the consequences of decades of inaction are about to be experienced. Nevertheless, for many, politicians and the media have failed to underline concretely the importance of addressing climate change. It is not the case of numerous novels, films and plays, as well as photographs and other art forms, that have aimed to depict global warming.... [tags: Global warming, Al Gore, Climate change]
1413 words (4 pages)
- Global Warming, much of what does or does not happen forty years from now rests on our actions or inactions taken between now and then. The crucial question is whether we should pour all our resources into mitigation – reducing our carbon emissions. According to scientists who study the climate there are other environmental problems; “we now face a global crises in land use and agriculture that could undermine the health, security, and sustainability of our civilization”. Rather than worry too much about emissions, we should accept the world is going to get warmer anyway and adapt to global warming by building better flood defenses and developing drought resistant crops.... [tags: Climate Change Essays]
1069 words (3.1 pages)
- Drought is a multi-causal and complex environmental issue, and can have serious socioeconomic consequences. Recently, IPCC (the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) in Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) concluded that South Asia and the Middle East would experience sever, prolonged droughts as a result of global climate changes, explicitly the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (IPCC, 2007). Drought is a weather-related natural disaster whose effect is aggravated by human activities.... [tags: Environment, Climate Change]
725 words (2.1 pages)
- Homes, towns, cities, states, nations, and countries around the world are all addressing the issue of global climate change. Individuals are beginning to realize the importance of greenhouse gas emissions and keeping our environment clean. Towns and cities are implementing new conservation programs, energy saving incentives, and many other environment-friendly initiatives. On the federal level, the U.S. government under President Bush, launched a “historic initiative [that] brings together the resources and expertise of thirteen federal agencies.” (2) The Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) is aimed at solving some of the major aspects of climate change, such as expanding the knowled... [tags: Climate Change, Greenhouse Gases]
800 words (2.3 pages)
As a social conservative, Smith has advocated ways to reduce illegal immigration and has opposed proposals by Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush to offer legal status to some categories of immigrants who have entered the country illegally ("Lamar Smith,"). Moreover, Smith has, or is currently serving, on the House Committee on Homeland Security, House Committee on Science and Technology, and House Committee on the Judiciary.
Smith receives exceptional reviews from Interest Groups within the fields of Budget, Spending & Taxes; Family & Children Issues, Gun Issues; Immigration; and Technology & Communication. However, he equally receives negative feedback from Interest Groups within the fields of Civil Liberties & Civil Rights; Education; Foreign Aid & Policy Issues; Social Issues; and Women’s Issues.
In regards to the Americans for Democratic Action and American Civil Liberties Union, Smith received extremely low ratings from those Interest Groups, whereas the American Conservative Union and Christian Coalition have given Smith extraordinarily high ratings. ‘Table 1’ below shows the rating trend for Smith in the past 9 years.
Group 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average
ADA 5 0 0 5 0 0 0 15 15 4%
ACLU 14 0 7 0 0 5 5 0 20 6%
ACU 96 96 96 88 92 96 84 88 88 92%
CC 94 93 100 92 94 94 90 90 90 93%
Table 1: Lamar S. Smith
Given his support for the economy (support of capitalism and free enterprise), his lack of support towards internationalism (National Sovereignty), and his stress on limiting equality, it is easy to argue that Smith is a dominant social conservative.
In addition to designating the Congressional District, the people of Texas also must consider the roles when selecting an elected official for the Senate. This Senator operates in the “upper house” of the United States Congress, whereas the “lower house” is being maintained by the Congressional District. The Senate has several exclusive powers not granted to the House, including consenting to treaties as a precondition to their ratification and consenting or confirmation of appointments of Cabinet secretaries, federal judges, other federal executive officials, military officers and other federal uniformed officers, as well as the impeachment trials of federal officials ("United States Senate,"). Each U.S. state is represented by two senators, regardless of population. This ensures equal representation of each state in the Senate ("United States Senate,"). There are “junior” and “senior” Senators in office. In the State of Texas, the senior United States Senator from Texas is Kathryn Ann "Kay" Bailey Hutchison.
Kay Bailey Hutchison, a Republican, assumed office for the United States Senate for the State of Texas in June, 1993. Prior to her current title, she was the Texas State Treasurer, and a member of the House of Representatives, serving a Congressional District in Houston.
Kay Bailey was born and raised in Galveston, Texas and has spent the later part of her life living in Houston and Dallas. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Texas at Austin in 1962, where she was a cheerleader and a sister of Pi Beta Phi sorority member ("Senator Kay B.,"). Afterwards, she received her J.D. from the University of Texas School of Law in 1967 ("Senator Kay B.,").
Hutchison has advocated many controversial positions, such as the legality of abortion, the supporting of single-sex education in public schools, and supporting oil leasing in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Most recently, Senator Hutchison has proposed limiting Texas governors to two four-year terms (“Senator Kay B.,"). Although a loyal Conservative Republican, she has been known to cross over to the other side on a few issues. Furthermore, Hutchison serves on the following Senate committees: Appropriations; Commerce, Science and Transportation; Rules and Administration; and Veterans' Affairs ("Senator Kay B.,").
Hutchison receives exceptional reviews from Interest Groups within the fields of Agriculture; Family & Children Issues; Gun Issues; Immigration; and Technology & Communication. However, she equally receives negative feedback from Interest Groups within the fields of Civil Liberties & Civil Rights; Education; Foreign Aid & Policy Issues; Welfare & Poverty; and Women’s Issues.
In regards to the Americans for Democratic Action and American Civil Liberties Union, Hutchison received extremely low ratings from those Interest Groups, whereas the American Conservative Union and Christian Coalition have given Hutchison extraordinarily high ratings. ‘Table 2’ below shows the rating trend for Hutchison in the past 9 years.
Group 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average
ADA 0 10 5 10 25 15 5 20 20 12%
ACLU 29 25 25 22 22 17 17 14 14 21%
ACU 96 96 100 75 84 92 84 88 76 88%
CC 92 100 100 100 100 89 89 90 90 94%
Table 2: Kay Bailey Hutchison
Similar to Smith, Hutchison supports for the economy (support of capitalism and free enterprise), does not hold any support towards internationalism (National Sovereignty), and stresses on limiting equality. As with Smith, it is easy to argue that Hutchison is also a dominant social conservative.
For the most part, the entire State of Texas is leaning to the Republican end of the spectrum. Recently, Kay Bailey Hutchison has announced that she will be running for Governor in 2010, against the current Republican governor, Rick Perry.
If, and possibly “when”, this changeover takes effect, the colors in Texas will be running predominantly red over the skies.
Overall, the political climate has changed from the Democratic views over to the Republican side of the field. Despite numerous conflicts and struggles, the Republican Party displays a remarkable continuity in the State of Texas. The dominant political view of social conservatism has proven quite resilient over the past few decades. This ideological is expressed in a dominant flow of low government services, pro-business policies, and fighting to keep the doors closed to internationalism.